The most legendary sub-machine gun World War II, was Germany MP38 / 40. The MP38 9mm submachine gun was
manufactured in 1938 by the German Elmar Arsenal to meet the needs of the armored and paratrooperative units. In the same
year the MP38 was named as the MP38. In 1939, the MP38 was improved and later renamed MP38 / 40. Later, in order to
simplify the processing technology and reduce costs, but also on the MP38 / 40 made several improvements, the improvement
were called MP40 / Ⅰ, MP40 / Ⅱ-type and other series submachine gun. Between 1940 and 1944, a total of 1,037,400 MP40
submachine guns were produced. In all fairness, the MP40's range is not as good as the Soviet Bobosha, lethality than the
United States Thompson, as simple as British Secretary Gordon, reliable performance as Finland's Somi, but the indicators are
more average, there is no obvious weakness. MP40 assault rifle exaggerated fame, probably from the myth of the invincible
German early World War II.
In 1938, the German Defense Forces adopted the design of Vermeer, stereotyped as MP38, produced about thousands of
pieces, just in time for the Battle of Poland. Two years later, the improved MP40 simplifies the production process and solves
the problem of the MP38 getting out of fire. Like many other German weapons, the MP38 / 40 is epoch-making, as it is the first
submachine gun designed for mass production.
The metal components of the MP38 / 40 are mainly stamped out of steel, using simple folding buttstocks and traditional wooden
components replaced by plastic. This design concept affects the M3 in the United States, Bobosha in the USSR, and Sidon in
the UK. A total of 1.2 million MP38 / 40 submachine guns were produced. Because of the limited number, they started to equip
major combat vehicles, paratroopers, and later junior and mid-level infantry officers. Ordinary soldiers continued to use 98K
rifles until the end of the war.
Compared with the United States Thompson and M3 submachine gun, MP40 submachine gun near range lethal less, but lower
recoil, so the accuracy is higher. The indicators of the submarine rifle are similar with the MP40, but the reliability of the division
is too poor. MP40 is worth mentioning the shortcomings of the main magazine is less reliable, easy to lose elasticity in low
temperature environment, resulting in bullets stuck; the other lack of a front of the insulated hand guard, a long shot after the
soldier's left hand will be burned. In general, the German soldiers on the MP40 is still quite satisfied, but it seems too tight.
However, on the eastern front, as long as there is a chance for the German soldiers to engage in a Soviet Popovar submachine
gun, many people even discarded their own MP40. It seems that the MP40 is undoubtedly losing to Poposu on the battlefield.
MP40 / Ⅱ type is MP-40 / Ⅰ type of further improvements: the transmitter frame and the receiver cover together as a whole; the
use of fixed firing pin; multi-unit recoil spring instead of the telescopic recoil spring; in order to increase The capacity of a bomb,
with a double magazine cartridge will be two standard MP-40 submachine gun 32 rounds of the magazine together, and in the
barrel between the casing and the bottom of the shield slotted so double-bomb The cartridge can slide along the bottom slot of
the shield. Two square magazine cassette shoots are located behind the magazine compartment. There are two indicator
locators in front of the magazine magazine. When the magazine on the left one runs out, the magazine magazine is pushed to
the left. At this time, the magazine on the right Under the action of the locator, it is located at the feeding port.
Ammunition: 9 × 19mm Parabeum Bullet
Automatic way: free gun type
Launch mode: bursts
Muzzle muzzle velocity: 381m / s
Measuring range: 200m
Theoretical speed of fire: 500 rounds / min
Projectile mode: magazine
Magazine capacity: 32 rounds
The gun length: gunstock open 833mm; gunstock folding 630mm
Barrel length: 251mm
Rifle: 6, right-handed
Full gun quality (excluding magazine): MP38 type 4.086kg; MP40 type 4.027kg
Full gun quality (including magazine): MP38 type 4.756kg; MP40 type 4.697kg
Actual magazine quality: 670g
Aiming device: a sheet of sight; U-shaped according to the door
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