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Evolution Of Lizard Patterns
- Jul 04, 2018 -

Lizard patterns have two overlapping prints, generally green and brown, printed with gaps so that a third dyed color, such as a 

lighter green or khaki, makes up a large part of the pattern. In this, it is printed like earlier British patterns used on that country's 

Paratroopers Denison smocks. Lizard patterns have narrower printed areas than the British patterns, and the original form had 

strong horizontal orientation, disrupting the vertical form of the soldier's body.

Horizontal lizard patterns

Horizontal lizard patterns in different colour forms were made by the French. A copy of the French pattern, made in Asia, was 

adopted by some African countries such as Chad, Gabon, Rwanda, and Sudan. In around 1970 Cuba designed a gray variety, 

used by Cuba and by the FAPLA of Angola. Greece has used a range of horizontal lizard patterns from the 1970s. 

Russian Spetsnaz and interior ministry troops wear horizontal lizard patterns.[1] The Israel Defence Force used actual French 

lizard uniforms (donated by France) until 1968, alongside plain (unpatterned) battledress.[3] French lizard was among the 

patterns used in Congo in 1978.[4]

Vertical lizard patterns

Vertical lizard patterns in different colorways were apparently developed in Portugal from the original French horizontal patterns. 

The lizard pattern had been in use in Portugal since 1956 with the Air Force's Paratroopers, being extended to the 

Army's Special Rifles units in 1960. With the Portuguese Military engaged in the Overseas Wars mainly fought in the African 

jungles, the camouflaged uniform was issued throughout the whole Army and some units of the Navy and Air Force. In 1963, a 

vertical lizard pattern was developed, this replacing the French horizontal pattern. Paradoxically, the Portuguese vertical lizard 

pattern become popular amongst some of the guerrillas that opposed Portugal in the Overseas Wars and was latter adopted by 

the armed forces of some of the former Portuguese African colonies after their independence.[5] The Portuguese vertical lizard 

pattern was adopted by Brazil, which developed a range of colorways for each of its armed services. Egypt, Greece, India, 

Lebanese Palestinians and Syria have all used variants of the vertical lizard pattern.[1] SWAPO guerrillas in Namibia wore a wide 

variety of camouflage, including Portuguese lizard. [6]

Other descendants

Main article: Tigerstripe


The Vietnam War tigerstripe is descended from Lizard. It began as a French experimental pattern during the Indochina war. It 

was based on the TAP47 lizard pattern, and was adopted by the South Vietnamese Marines. Tigerstripe differed from lizard in 

having its printed areas interlocked rather than overlapped; it also used smaller areas of dyed background color.[1]

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