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Research and development of individual military equipment
- May 25, 2018 -

In the latest issue of HOW IT WORKS, the hottest topic is "super warrior: HOW technology is influencing and changing future wars."

According to foreign media reports, scientists around the world use various high-tech equipment to create future "super fighters". In future war, the soldiers head wearing the low of the virtual reality display, in with the function of automatic repair armour and intelligent close-fitting clothing, and gear can track targets automatically change the ammunition weapon ballistic, and can be used to create a battlefield of miniature unmanned aerial vehicle (uav) remote.

Throughout human history, war has been one of the powerful forces driving the scientific leap forward. The origins of everything from space travel to super glue, duct tape and microwave ovens have been linked to war and the military. Today, a lot of military inventions focus not just on getting things done, but on getting things done quickly and getting soldiers back from the battlefield unscathed.

The (virtual) reality of war

With such as Oculus Rift, helmet mounted display (HMD) or virtual reality goggles, the soldiers just turn the head and body, can obtain different reality 360 degree view 3 d environment, then the battle plan formulation, such as how to rescue wounded comrades enemy fire the first time.

An American soldier is using an infantry training system. The system provides users with an immersive battlefield simulation environment.

For example, although air force training has long been used in battlefield simulations, today's soldiers will test combat skills in virtual reality battlefields. With such as Oculus Rift, helmet mounted display (HMD) or virtual reality goggles, the soldiers need to turn the head and body, can through the head-mounted with built-in tracking system, for different reality 360 degree view 3 d environment, then the battle plan formulation, such as how to rescue wounded comrades in hostile fire the first time.

Some battlefield simulations are even more realistic. In the polish army's integrated feedback training, once a soldier is "hit", he will feel a faint electric shock. As a loyal fan of the idea, the U.S. department of defense requires each soldier to have a virtual avatar to test the pros and cons of individual combat skills with feedback.

Flexible exoskeleton system

The HULC, developed by Berkeley bionic, a us company owned by lockheed Martin, is equipped with a lithium-ion battery that can last 72 hours. Soldiers equipped with HULC can easily carry up to 91 kilograms of weight, which is evenly distributed from hip to leg bones.

The early military exoskeleton system was a failure because wearers often used too much force to control their movements.

In science fiction, it is common to see soldiers wearing exoskeletons of varying shapes and sizes, which will become a reality in the future.

The term "EXOSKELETON" comes from Greek and means "outer skeleton". Imitated insects hard shell of the new type exoskeleton system for hydraulic structure, can make the wearer moment become tall wham, limbs activity is wider, effortless can decisively and ease.

In the early 1960 s, the U.S. began experimenting with exoskeleton system performance, for example, the American general company developed called "hardy" soldier wearable equipment, can make the soldier strength increase 25 times. With the aid of exoskeleton, soldiers can like for 0.5 kg goods, easily raise 11 kg goods, and receive force feedback - similar to the game analog stick - the warriors will have a rough idea on resistance of an object.

All failed because the early exoskeleton system often made the wearer move too hard to move gently. Today, many exoskeleton system is widely used in medical field, cardiac, for example, by "the thor -" "developed by the company for the U.S. army XOS and XOS ii, the French RB3D on" hercules "wearable exoskeleton, and the lockheed Martin load power exoskeletons HULC research and development of human beings, the initial goal is for military purposes.

U.S. individual items is equipped with a wide range of standardized weapons, ammunition, weapons, water, and dry food, first aid and rescue tools, satellite phones and GPS, helmets and armor, surging equipment, its weight is increasing, combat commanders worry is also growing, as soldiers dragged on for 36 to 45 kg assembly running around the consequences are very bad indeed, sometimes even fatal.

The HULC, a military-powered exoskeleton developed by Berkeley bionic systems, a unit of lockheed Martin corp., solves this problem well. HULC equipped with lithium polymer battery, a charge, soldiers who wear it can easily carry 91 kg weight continues to run for an hour, the weight is evenly dispersed to from hip to the leg on the exoskeleton. "The advantage of dispersing the weight of a single unit of equipment over the military's exoskeleton is clear," explains military research expert jan stein-brunk. Let's say a person is walking for hours with a weight of 40 kilos on his back.

Compared with the early development of exoskeleton, HULC flexibility is very strong, the titanium framework of distribution have a large number of sensors, these sensors are connected to the exoskeletons of carry of microcomputer, automatically detect the wearer's action intention, and then drive hydraulic components to make the corresponding action. However, because the HULC itself does not provide any armour protection, this armor suit is not practical for infantry.

The most fundamental problem with HULC's military exoskeletons is still battery power, he said. A loaded exoskeleton with armor protection will need to work for at least 10 hours if it is to be fit for a military mission. However, once the HULC runs out of power, it is not just a helper, but a hindrance. Lockheed now plans to continue to improve the HULC system, such as equipping it with electrochemical solid oxide fuel cells, to ensure that the wearer can forward at a speed of 16 km/h, weight-bearing continue to travel up to 72 hours.

Smart body wear that reduces damage

America's defence advanced research projects agency is currently testing project "network warriors", developed a soft, comfortable, lightweight personal accessories, fabrics using computer control, it can help soldiers to reduce injuries and fatigue. The suit, which soldiers wear in military uniforms, can be used to protect their legs and joints and requires only 100 watts of electricity.

"If you change the structure of an object to a nanometer scale, you can develop more materials with high resistance because the nanometer scale is impeccable," said military science expert Aaron blanc. You can design a lattice without burning it.

America's defence advanced research projects agency is currently testing the new soldier "network warriors" project, to develop a soft, comfortable, lightweight personal accessories, can help soldiers to reduce injuries and fatigue. The suit, which soldiers wear in military uniforms, can be used to protect their legs and joints and requires only 100 watts of electricity.

"Cyber warriors" project aims to create a soft, lightweight close-fitting clothing, fabric and wires using computer control, to provide routine surgical and electric machine system in the legs, help soldiers reduce muscles and tendons damage and fatigue, improve the ability to effectively perform their tasks. The kit protects vulnerable areas and promotes efficient and safe exercise in a wide range of activities (walking, running, jumping, climbing, etc.).

Bloomberg, think: "obviously, now there is a big trend with the increasing intensity of training and military scale is smaller, we will continuously provide troops as far as possible more comprehensive protection. In my opinion, the overall unit will not change much, because the upgrade of armor will depend on our estimation of the threat. We needed to balance the threat and protect, and fights with requirements of action, therefore, the soldiers need individual assembly often is still a bulletproof vest, helmet, and a variety of senior night-vision goggles.

Liquid armor that is bulletproof and self-healing

Scientists have improved the armour of infantry to provide them with stronger protection. For example, the newly developed liquid armour can enhance its resistance while retaining its flexibility, such as preventing high-speed projectiles from penetrating the armor. Polish scientists have developed a system of armor that can harden and strengthen armor by applying a "magic liquid" to its surface. This amazing liquid, called shear thickening fluid, can harden at any temperature.

"If you change the structure of an object to a nanometer scale, you can develop more materials with high resistance because the nanometer scale is impeccable," said military science expert Michael bloomberg. You can design a nanogrid structure, not cast and burn it. , for example, you can create a nanoscale carbon fiber ceramic, it has perfect lattice structure, the overall combination of very dense material, compared with the traditional method of making ceramic is more sturdy."

100 rounds of tracking bullets

The video shows the bullet changing direction in mid-air and tracking the target. The pentagon's advanced research projects agency said it was the first self-guided small-bore bullet.

The video shows the bullet changing direction in mid-air and tracking the target. The pentagon's advanced research projects agency said it was the first self-guided small-bore bullet.

Earlier this year, the successful test of a 50 caliber sniper rifle bullets, named "super precision weapons", it can track targets change direction, this is the first self-guided small-bore bullet. Two videos show the bullet changing direction in midair and tracking the target's movements, even though the experimenter deliberately deflected the target. America's defence advanced research projects agency (darpa), said for military sniper, sniper moving targets in adverse environment, such as wind and sand and dust weather in Afghanistan, environment, use the bullet sniper efficiency and the precision is improved greatly.

Typically, snipers are two groups on a mission, one to target and the other to assist in observing the target and protecting the partner. Due to many environmental factors, such as wind, rain and humidity, the trajectory of a sniper's projectile can deviate. In addition, the bullet is affected by gravity during long distance operation. Use "super precision weapons" system, snipers can adjust the bullet in mid-air flight direction, even if the target displacement, or bullet bias affected by wind speed, can still be successful, from hitting their targets.

A sensor that brings superenergy

BAE systems has developed a Spine kit, which includes a vest. The Spine is made of so-called electronic textile fabrics that enable wireless charging of military equipment. Soldiers can monitor the device's power through a smartphone app. The kit also includes an enhanced reality helmet display for the q-warrior, as well as car seats that can be wirelessly charged to a wearable device.

BAE systems has developed a Spine kit, which includes a vest. The Spine is made of so-called electronic textile fabrics that enable wireless charging of military equipment. Soldiers can monitor the device's power through a smartphone app. The kit also includes an enhanced reality helmet display for the q-warrior, as well as car seats that can be wirelessly charged to a wearable device.

Mr Bloomberg believes that a large number of new sensors are the focus of standardised infantry equipment. "For example, we've seen a lot of testing, including thermal infrared visual AIDS and night vision goggles," he explained. Soldiers often use standard green predator night vision goggles in their operations, but they use thermal night vision goggles at night. It is clear that soldiers need a variety of equipment in military operations. Therefore, a helmet with dual and single goggles can improve the efficiency of movement. Soldiers can switch between two devices by carrying a battery pack.

These devices in the existing technology integration look not great, in fact, they help reduce the individual equipment weight, convenient soldiers quickly picked out the required instruments in a variety of equipment. For example, "combat weight vests don't require much power, but they spread the load evenly from the shoulders to the hips. What we need to think about is how to integrate these devices to make the entire kit lighter and more efficient.

BAE systems has developed a Spine kit, which includes a vest. The Spine is made of so-called electronic textile fabrics that enable wireless charging of military equipment. Soldiers use a smartphone app to monitor the device's power. The kit also includes a "q-warrior" augmented reality helmet display and car seats that can be wirelessly charged to a wearable device.

BAE has also developed an inductive seat charger that automatically pumps the car's electricity into the vest. This means that the Spine will never lose power, it can charge a soldier as he crosses the battlefield, and all power usage can be monitored through a smartphone app. In addition, Spine and smartphones include the q-warrior's transparent augmented reality helmet display, which displays useful information such as GPS location, temperature and other data.

BAE and intelligent textile design, the company said the technology is designated for the military field, in line with the department of defense standards, also will be used for fire fighting and rescue services and the department of public safety.

A drone that opens up a battlefield

As specialized forces shrink and technology advances, soldiers need to rely more on machines. "We're going to see more and more micro drones in the future, like spring knife micro drones," explained brock. The drones will be a conventional device in a soldier's backpack, similar to a television signal, and can transmit battlefield information when launched. A soldier can launch a miniature drone from a cover and then throw it around. When an enemy is caught firing at its own side, a small drone with a grenade - sized warhead can fly at the enemy. In war, this kind of intelligent uav technology is very lethal.

Bloomberg said: "in the terrestrial environment, we can see that the soldiers are often needed a networking technology, such as applying for helicopter support through the network, or with the help of a fast jet or car to enhance environmental perception and effectiveness. However, because network technology is vulnerable to hacker intrusion or network blocking, internet-dependent electronic devices are not completely reliable. As a result, micro-drones will be a safe and effective assistant to soldiers on the battlefield.

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